I John Chapter Two

 

v1.  "MY LITTLE CHILDREN, THESE THINGS WRITE I UNTO YOU, THAT YE SIN NOT.  AND IF ANY MAN SIN, WE HAVE AN ADVOCATE WITH THE FATHER, JESUS CHRIST THE RIGHTEOUS:"

 

    The word {paidia} "denotes the age and characteristics of childhood and, as used here, conveys the kind and tender address of age to youth, of authority to subordinates, of wisdom to ignorance."  John is writing as one of great age and wisdom to spiritual children that he loves dearly.

    Surely there can be no doubt that this is God's love letter to His little children when we consider how frequently John uses this phrase.

    "These things" refers to what has been stated in the latter part of chapter one.  It is the will of God that we live without sin, but it is still a fact that none of us live in sinless perfection.  John refers to "these things" that he has written in several places in this book.  "These things," as specifically stated in chapter 1, emphasize daily walking in the light and daily confession of sins if one would enjoy the continuous cleansing of the blood of Christ."

    "That ye sin not" was a warning against any participation in sinful acts.  It is obvious that John was greatly concerned about keeping sin out of the lives of his little children; so he warns us not to sin and then tells that when we do sin that we have the benefit of the cleansing power of Jesus blood.

 

I Timothy 2:5  "FOR there is ONE GOD, AND MEDIATOR BETWEEN GOD AND MEN, THE MAN CHRIST JESUS."

 

Hebrews 7:25  "WHEREFORE HE IS ABLE ALSO TO SAVE THEM TO THE UTTERMOST THAT COME UNTO GOD BY HIM SEEING HE EVER LIVETH TO MAKE INTERCESSION FOR THEM."

 

Hebrews 9:24  "FOR CHRIST IS NOT ENTERED INTO THE HOLY PLACES MADE WITH HANDS, which are THE FIGURES OF THE TRUE; BUT INTO HEAVEN ITSELF, NOW TO APPEAR IN THE PRESENCE OF GOD FOR US:"

 

Romans 8:34  "WHO is HE THAT CONDEMNETH?  IT IS CHRIST THAT DIED, YEA RATHER, THAT IS RISEN AGAIN, WHO IS EVEN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD, WHO ALSO MAKETH INTERCESSION FOR US."

 

    "Advocate" translates the Greek {paraklete} which means literally "one who is called along side."  "It was used in a court of justice to denote a legal assistant, counsel for the defense, an advocate; in general, one who pleads another's cause, an intercessor."

 

v2.  "AND HE IS THE PROPITIATION FOR OUR SINS: AND NOT FOR OURS ONLY, BUT ALSO FOR the sins of THE WHOLE WORLD."

 

            In Greek literature "propitiation" is usually associated with cultic "practices of rites and sacrifices to placate or pacify the gods who were thought of as being angry with or ill-disposed toward man."  But God gave his Son to die and shed His blood so that "once for all" and continuously man could have his sins removed.

 

Romans 3:23-26  "FOR ALL HAVE SINNED, AND COME SHORT OF THE GLORY OF GOD; BEING JUSTIFIED FREELY BY HIS GRACE THROUGH THE REDEMPTION THAT IS IN CHRIST JESUS:  WHOM GOD HATH SET FORTH to be A PROPITIATION THROUGH FAITH IN HIS BLOOD, TO DECLARE HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS FOR THE REMISSION OF SINS THAT ARE PAST, THROUGH THE FORBEARANCE OF GOD; TO DECLARE, I say, AT THIS TIME HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS: THAT HE MIGHT BE JUST, AND THE JUSTIFIER OF HIM WHICH BELIEVETH IN JESUS."

 

II Corinthians 5:18  "AND ALL THINGS are OF GOD WHO HATH RECONCILED US TO HIMSELF BY JESUS CHRIST, AND HATH GIVEN TO US THE MINISTRY OF RECONCILATION;"

 

John 1:29  "THE NEXT DAY JOHN SEETH JESUS COMING UNTO HIM, AND SAITH, BEHOLD THE LAMB OF GOD, WHICH TAKETH AWAY THE SIN OF THE WORLD."

 

            "And not for ours only, but also for the sins of the world."  The atoning sacrifice of Christ was not only for "our sins", but was and is made available to all mankind. "In the Divine idea and purpose Christ laid down His life for all.  In historical reality and fact it will profit those only who receive it."

 

v3.  "AND THEREBY WE DO KNOW THAT WE KNOW HIM, IF WE KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS."

 

            We "know" (we may be sure) is a word used many times by John in this epistle.  In the Greek we have the "present and perfect tense of the verb which means `to come to know, perceive, recognize'...Progressive knowledge gained by experience

"Keep" expresses the idea of watchful, observant obedience.  It is habitually used, for example, "of seamen who carefully observe the direction of the winds or ocean-currents and shape their course accordingly."

"Commandments" here refers to those things which Jesus enjoined upon His disciples.  They are the "clear, precise orders that God has laid down, dealing with conduct in detail, peremptory as military instructions."

            There is no real knowledge of God, no fellowship with Him, without practical conformity to His will.

 

v4.  "HE THAT SAITH, I KNOW HIM, AND KEEPETH NOT HIS COMMANDMENTS, IS A LIAR, AND THE TRUTH IS NOT IN HIM."

 

            The expression "if we say" or "he who says" are catchwords of the false teachers.  They, in that day and today as well, claimed knowledge of God while they disregarded or refused to obey His commandments.  John declared that those claiming to know God, yet refusing to do His will are; in addition to being disobedient characters, are liars as well and without truth.

The false teachers of John's day admitted willful sins in their lives, but denied any contamination from those sins.  There are those today who still deny the contamination of sin.  The following is quoted from a denominational tract "Do a Christian's Sins Damn His Soul?"

 

            "We take the position that a Christian's sins do not damn his soul. The way a Christian lives, what he says, his character, his conduct, or his attitude toward people have nothing whatsoever to do with the salvation of his soul....All the prayers a man may pray, all the Bibles he may read, all the churches he may belong to, all the sermons he may observe, all the laws he may keep, all the benevolent acts he may perform will not make his soul one whit safer; and all the sins he may commit from idolatry to murder will not make his soul in any more danger....The way a man lives has nothing whatsoever to do with the salvation of his soul."  Our own brother Rubel Shelly, who declared that no human activity can in any way influence the salvation of our souls, literally says the same thing.  But God says:

 

"IF WE SAY THAT WE HAVE FELLOWSHIP WITH HIM, AND WALK IN DARKNESS, WE LIE, AND DO NOT THE TRUTH." I John 1:6 

 

"IF WE SAY THAT WE HAVE NO SIN, WE DECEIVE OURSELVES, AND THE TRUTH IS NOT IN US." I John 1:8 

 

"IF A MAN SAY, I LOVE GOD, AND HATETH HIS BROTHER, HE IS A LIAR: FOR HE THAT LOVETH NOT HIS BROTHER WHOM HE HATH SEEN, HOW CAN HE LOVE GOD WHOM HE HATH NOT SEEN?" I John 4:20 

 

v5.  "BUT WHOSO KEEPETH HIS WORD, IN HIM VERILY IS THE LOVE OF GOD PERFECTED: HEREBY KNOW WE THAT WE ARE IN HIM."

 

It is easy to see that John gave emphasis to what he taught in verse 4 by stating the opposite in verse 5.  Instead of using "commandments" he substituted "word" (that is the whole message or revelation of Christ), and he used "love" instead of "know".  Even though knowledge (used 27 times in the epistle of John) is important, love is more important, for "love transcends knowledge" (I Corinthians 8:1-3, 13:2, 13:9-13)

"The love of God" refers to our love for God.  "Perfect" or "perfected" is from a word which means "has been made perfect and remains so."  One who walks in the teachings of Christ has not only come to know or realize God, but he has demonstrated love for God.

            "In him" clearly expresses the most intimate relationship.

 

I John 4:12-13  12No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us. 13Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit.”

 

John 14:21  "HE THAT HATH MY COMMANDMENTS, AND KEEPETH THEM, HE IT IS THAT LOVETH ME: AND HE THAT LOVETH ME SHALL BE LOVED OF MY FATHER, AND I WILL LOVE HIM, AND WILL MANIFEST MYSELF TO HIM."

 

John 14:23  "JESUS ANSWERED AND SAID UNTO HIM, IF A MAN LOVE ME, HE WILL KEEP MY WORDS: AND MY FATHER WILL LOVE HIM, AND WE WILL COME UNTO HIM, AND MAKE OUR ABODE WITH HIM."

 

v6.  "HE THAT SAITH HE ABIDETH IN HIM OUGHT HIMSELF ALSO SO TO WALK, EVEN AS HE WALKED."

 

            If we profess to be something then we have an obligation to live up to that profession.  To "abide in" implies habitual, continuous fellowship.  "Ought" means "is bound"; it is a debt which one owes.  We must not simply walk "as" He walked, but "even as"; our imitation of Christ must be as exact as we can make it.

 

John 13:15  "FOR I HAVE GIVEN YOU AN EXAMPLE, THAT YE SHOULD DO AS I HAVE DONE TO YOU."

 

John 15:4-5  "ABIDE IN ME, AND I IN YOU.  AS THE BRANCH CANNOT BEAR FRUIT OF ITSELF, EXCEPT IT ABIDE IN THE VINE; NO MORE CAN YE, EXCEPT YE ABIDE IN ME.  I AM THE VINE, YE are THE BRANCHES: HE THAT ABIDETH IN ME, AND I IN HIM, THE SAME BRINGETH FORTH MUCH FRUIT: FOR WITHOUT ME YE CAN DO NOTHING."


 I Peter 2:21  "FOR EVEN HEREUNTO WERE YE CALLED: BECAUSE CHRIST ALSO SUFFERED FOR US, LEAVING US AN EXAMPLE, THAT YE SHOULD FOLLOW HIS STEPS:"

 

v7.  "BRETHREN, I WRITE NO NEW COMMANDMENT UNTO YOU, BUT AN OLD COMMANDMENT WHICH YE HAD FROM THE BEGINNING.  THE OLD COMMANDMENT IS THE WORD WHICH YE HAVE HEARD FROM THE BEGINNING."

 

            Far from being a new thing this commandment was essential to their salvation from sin and had been with them from the beginning.  This commandment to love was not new; it was not novel or unusual.  It was the Word or the message they received when they learned the Truth through the preaching of the Word of God.

Love and obedience are inextricably interwoven because all the commandments of God are summed up in the law of love.  "You shall love the Lord your God" was the authoritative summary of the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 6:5).  When Jesus was asked what was the greatest commandment of all, he quoted Deuteronomy 6:5 and tied Leviticus 19:18 to it stressing the necessity of loving one's neighbor (Mark 12:28-31).

John, therefore, in underlining afresh the law of love, was not telling his reader's anything they did not already know.

 

I John 3:11  "FOR THIS IS THE MESSAGE THAT YE HEARD FROM THE BEGINNING, THAT WE SHOULD LOVE ONE ANOTHER."

 

II John 5  "AND NOW I BESEECH THEE, LADY, NOT AS THOUGH I WROTE A NEW COMMANDMENT UNTO THEE, BUT THAT WHICH WE HAD FROM THE BEGINNING, THAT WE LOVE ONE ANOTHER."

 

v8.  "AGAIN, A NEW COMMANDMENT I WRITE UNTO YOU, WHICH THING IS TRUE IN HIM AND IN YOU: BECAUSE THE DARKNESS IS PAST, AND THE TRUE LIGHT NOW SHINETH."

 

John 13:34  "A NEW COMMANDMENT I GIVE UNTO YOU, THAT YE LOVE ONE ANOTHER; AS I HAVE LOVED YOU, THAT YE ALSO LOVE ONE ANOTHER."

 

Though the commandment of love is old in one sense, there is a sense in which it is new.  Jesus gave the commandment from the Old Testament to "love one another" a new and deeper meaning when He said to them in the upper room, "A new commandment I give to you, that ye love one another..." John 13:34

This new standard of love was to be characteristic of the new age of Christianity.  Men who were followers of Christ were to love as Christ had loved them, remembering that He loved to the extent that He was willing to give His life, not only for His friends, but even for those who hated Him.

The darkness of ignorance, error, superstition, and hate was passing and the true light which came from the Lord was shining, thus dispelling the darkness of unbelief.  When men are brought to Christ through the preaching of the Word, they are brought into light and darkness passes away.  Darkness has not all passed away, and our text does not so affirm.  There is still much error in the world, but as Truth is preached, light is extended and darkness recedes as a result thereof.

 

John 1:9  "That WAS THE TRUE LIGHT, WHICH LIGHTETH EVERY MAN THAT COMETH INTO THE WORLD."

 

John 8:12  "THEN SPAKE JESUS AGAIN UNTO THEM, SAYING, I AM THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD: HE THAT FOLLOWETH ME SHALL NOT WALK IN DARKNESS, BUT SHALL HAVE THE LIGHT OF LIFE."

 

Ephesians 5:8  "FOR YE WERE SOMETIMES DARKNESS, BUT NOW are ye LIGHT IN THE LORD: WALK AS CHILDREN OF LIGHT."

 

I Thessalonians 5:5  "YE ARE ALL THE CHILDREN OF LIGHT, AND THE CHILDREN OF THE DAY: WE ARE NOT OF THE NIGHT, NOR OF DARKNESS."

 

I Thessalonians 5:8  "BUT LET US, WHO ARE OF THE DAY, BE SOBER, PUTTING ON THE BREASTPLATE OF FAITH AND LOVE; AND FOR AN HELMET, THE HOPE OF SALVATION."

 

v9.  "HE THAT SAITH HE IS IN THE LIGHT, AND HATETH HIS BROTHER, IS IN DARKNESS EVEN UNTIL NOW."

 

    This is the fifth time that the apostle speaks of the inconsistency between what men say and what men do.

    1.) saying that we have fellowship with God 1:6

    2.) saying that we have no sin 1:8

    3.) saying that we have not sinned 1:10

    4.) saying that we know God 2:4

    5.) saying that we are in the light 2:9

This verse makes it very plain that if a man is going to enjoy fellowship with God, he must love his brother.  The individual who does not love his brother can never, in such a condition, expect to have fellowship with the Father in heaven.  No man can have malice in his heart and at the same time be in fellowship with God.

 

I John 3:13-14  "MARVEL NOT, MY BRETHREN, IF THE WORLD HATE YOU.  WE KNOW THAT WE HAVE PASSED FROM DEATH UNTO LIFE, BECAUSE WE LOVE THE BRETHREN.  HE THAT LOVETH NOT his BROTHER ABIDETH IN DEATH."

 

I Corinthians 13:2  "AND THOUGH I HAVE THE gift of PROPHECY, AND UNDERSTAND ALL MYSTERIES, AND ALL KNOWLEDGE; AND THOUGH I HAVE ALL FAITH, SO THAT I COULD REMOVE MOUNTAINS, AND HAVE NOT CHARITY, I AM NOTHING."

 

v10.  "HE THAT LOVETH HIS BROTHER ABIDETH IN THE LIGHT, AND THERE IS NONE OCCASION OF STUMBLING IN HIM."

 

    The word abideth means "to remain", it stresses a continuous action rather than a temporary state.

    The word love means much more than affection.  As used here it stands for all the graces which make up the Christian's nature.

 

I John 5:2-3  "BY THIS WE KNOW THAT WE LOVE THE CHILDREN OF GOD, WHEN WE LOVE GOD AND KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS.  FOR THIS IS THE LOVE OF GOD THAT WE KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS: AND HIS COMMANDMENTS ARE NOT GRIEVOUS."

 

            See also Matthew 22:34-40.

 

            "Stumble" is derived from a word that designates a snare or a trap.  A brother that loves as verse 10 indicates will avoid the snares and traps of envy, malice, hate, and revenge.

 

Romans 13:10  "LOVE WORKETH NO ILL TO HIS NEIGHBOUR; THEREFORE LOVE is THE FULFILLING OF THE LAW."

 

II Peter 1:10  "WHEREFORE THE RATHER, BRETHREN, GIVE DILIGENCE TO MAKE YOUR CALLING AND ELECTION SURE: FOR IF YE DO THESE THINGS, YE SHALL NEVER FALL:"

 

v11.  "BUT HE THAT HATETH HIS BROTHER IS IN DARKNESS, AND WALKETH IN DARKNESS, AND KNOWETH NOT WHITHER HE GOETH, BECAUSE THAT DARKNESS HATH BLINDED HIS EYES."

 

            This verse explains verse 9, and enforces its teaching by describing the condition of a man who professes to love his brother, but actually hates him: (1) in his existence--he is in darkness; (2) in his activity--he walks in darkness; (3) in his blindness--he doesn’t know where he is going.  This is the fearful status of those who hate their brethren.  Their condition, both inward and outward, is described as "darkness".

 

John 12:35  "THEN JESUS SAID UNTO THEM, YET A LITTLE WHILE IS THE LIGHT WITH YOU, WALK WHILE YE HAVE THE LIGHT, LEST DARKNESS COME UPON YOU: FOR HE THAT WALKETH IN DARKNESS KNOWETH NOT WHITHER HE GOETH."

 

v12.  "I WRITE UNTO YOU, LITTLE CHILDREN, BECAUSE YOUR SINS ARE FORGIVEN YOU FOR HIS NAME'S SAKE."

 

            Those thus addressed were familiarly styled "little children"; the occasion for this address was that their sins had been forgiven them; and the reason assigned for their forgiveness was "for his name's sake".  Forgiven means "You have been, and consequently stand forgiven of your past; or alien sins."

 

Luke 24:47  "AND THAT REPENTANCE AND REMISSION OF SINS SHOULD BE PREACHED IN HIS NAME AMONG ALL NATIONS, BEGINNING AT JERUSALEM."

 

Acts 4:12  "NEITHER IS THERE SALVATION IN ANY OTHER: FOR THERE IS NONE OTHER NAME UNDER HEAVEN GIVEN AMONG MEN, WHEREBY WE MUST BE SAVED."

 

Acts 13:38  "BE IT KNOWN UNTO YOU THEREFORE, MEN and BRETHREN, THAT THROUGH THIS MAN IS PREACHED UNTO YOU THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS."

 

I John 1:7  "BUT IF WE WALK IN THE LIGHT, AS HE IS IN THE LIGHT, WE HAVE FELLOWSHIP ONE WITH ANOTHER, AND THE BLOOD OF JESUS CHRIST HIS SON CLEANSETH US FROM ALL SIN."

 

v13.  "I WRITE UNTO YOU, FATHERS, BECAUSE YE HAVE KNOWN HIM that is FROM THE BEGINNING.  I WRITE UNTO YOU, YOUNG MEN, BECAUSE YE HAVE OVERCOME THE WICKED ONE.  I WRITE UNTO YOU, LITTLE CHILDREN, BECAUSE YE HAVE KNOWN THE FATHER."

 

v14.  "I HAVE WRITTEN UNTO YOU, FATHERS, BECAUSE YE HAVE KNOWN HIM that is FROM THE BEGINNING.  I HAVE WRITTEN UNTO YOU, YOUNG MEN, BECAUSE YE ARE STRONG, AND THE WORD OF GOD ABIDETH IN YOU, AND YE HAVE OVERCOME THE WICKED ONE."

 

In these two verses we have three groups mentioned; children, young men and fathers.  Too we have three characteristics or blessings mentioned: forgiveness, victory (overcoming) and knowing God.

            The little children had been forgiven.  They had come to know the Father as all of us must in order to share the same blessings.

            The young men had overcome the wicked one.  They were more mature in the faith than the ones spoken of as children but they had not been members of the Lord's church as long as those called fathers.  They had overcome Satan because of their spiritual strength and this strength was produced by and based upon the Word of God.

            The fathers have known Him that is from the beginning.  As just observed "the fathers" has reference to those who had been members of the church of our Lord for the longest period of time.  This knowledge was not some surface acquaintance with the Lord.  Rather, it was a deep, rich, full and meaningful knowledge or acquaintance with the Lord which had come about as a result of faithfully living the Christian life.

 

Ephesians 6:10  "FINALLY, MY BRETHREN, BE STRONG IN THE LORD, AND IN THE POWER OF HIS MIGHT."

 

v15.  "LOVE NOT THE WORLD, NEITHER THE THINGS that are IN THE WORLD.  IF ANY MAN LOVE THE WORLD, THE LOVE OF THE FATHER IS NOT IN HIM."

 

This verse tells us what we are not to love and tells us why.  We are not to love the world, neither the things that are in the world because that this is not compatible with love for God and his commandments.

            "It is to court the world's favor, follow its customs, adopt its ideals, covet its prizes, and seek its fellowship.  Loving the world in this sense means setting one's affection on evil and is tantamount to deserting God."

 

Matthew 6:24  "NO MAN CAN SERVE TWO MASTERS: FOR EITHER HE WILL HATE THE ONE, AND LOVE THE OTHER; OR ELSE HE WILL HOLD TO THE ONE, AND DESPISE THE OTHER.  YE CANNOT SERVE GOD AND MAMMON."

 

Romans 12:2  "AND BE NOT CONFORMED TO THIS WORLD: BUT BE YE TRANSFORMED BY THE RENEWING OF YOUR MIND, THAT YE MAY PROVE WHAT IS THAT GOOD, AND ACCEPTABLE, AND PERFECT WILL OF GOD."

 

Galatians 1:10  "FOR DO I NOW PERSUADE MEN, OR GOD?  OR DO I SEEK TO PLEASE MEN?  FOR IF IT YET PLEASED MEN, I SHOULD NOT BE THE SERVANT OF CHRIST."

 

v16.  "FOR ALL THAT is IN THE WORLD, THE LUST OF THE FLESH, AND THE LUST OF THE EYES, AND THE PRIDE OF LIFE, IS NOT OF THE FATHER, BUT IS OF THE WORLD."

 

            This verse presents what some men have called the trinity of evil.  The "lust of the flesh" has to do with our natural fleshly and physical desires.  God has placed healthy desires in man; however, these desires can be expressed in transgression or illegitimately.

            Our eyes are a gateway to our minds.  Satan often uses this avenue to invade the mind and precipitate wrongdoing.  Achan said "WHEN I SAW AMONG THE SPOILS A GOODLY BABYLONISH GARMENT, AND TWO HUNDRED SHEKELS OF SILVER, AND A WEDGE OF GOLD OF FIFTY SHEKELS WEIGHT, THAN I COVETED THEM, AND TOOK THEM…" (Joshua.7:21)

            "The pride of life" is rendered "the vainglory of life" in the ASV.  The word "pride" suggests a spirit of arrogance, self-sufficiency and vanity.

            We find several examples of these three avenues of temptation but the most memorable are in the garden as Eve saw that the tree "was good for food", "it was pleasant to the eyes" "and a tree to be desired to make one wise".  The same three was used in Jesus temptation "stones for bread", the kingdoms of the world and the challenge to cast himself down.


 v17.  "AND THE WORLD PASSETH AWAY, AND THE LUST THEREOF: BUT HE THAT DOETH THE WILL OF GOD ABIDETH FOREVER."

 

I Corinthians 7:31  "AND THEY THAT USE THIS WORLD, AS NOT ABUSING it: FOR THE FASHION OF THIS WORLD PASSETH AWAY."

 

James 1:10  "BUT THE RICH, IN THAT HE IS MADE LOW: BECAUSE AS THE FLOWER OF THE GRASS HE SHALL PASS AWAY."

 

I Peter 1:24  "FOR ALL FLESH is AS GRASS, AND ALL THE GLORY OF MAN AS THE FLOWER OF GRASS.  THE GRASS WITHERETH, AND THE FLOWER THEREOF FALLETH AWAY."

 

            This verse gives two basic reasons why a person should not love the world: (a) the world is very transitory, literally, "is passing away."  (b)  Doing the will of God, the antithesis of loving the world, is all that counts, matters or will last.

 

v18.  "LITTLE CHILDREN, IT IS THE LAST TIME AND AS YE HAVE HEARD THAT ANTICHRIST SHALL COME, EVEN NOW ARE THERE MANY ANTICHRISTS; WHEREBY WE KNOW THAT IT IS THE LAST TIME."

 

Matthew 24:5  "FOR MANY SHALL COME IN MY NAME, SAYING, I AM CHRIST; AND SHALL DECEIVE MANY."  v24  "FOR THERE SHALL ARISE FALSE CHRISTS, AND FALSE PROPHETS, AND SHALL SHEW GREAT SIGNS AND WONDERS; INSOMUCH THAT, IF it were  POSSIBLE, THEY SHALL DECEIVE THE VERY ELECT."

 

II Thessalonians 2:3  "LET NO MAN DECEIVE YOU BY ANY MEANS: FOR that day shall not come, EXCEPT THERE COME A FALLING AWAY FIRST, AND THAT MAN OF SIN BE REVEALED, THE SON OF PERDITION."

 

I Timothy 4:1  "NOW THE SPIRIT SPEAKETH EXPRESSLY, THAT IN THE LATTER TIMES SOME SHALL DEPART FROM THE FAITH, GIVING HEED TO SEDUCING SPIRITS, AND DOCTRINES OF DEVILS;"

 

Hebrews 1:2  "HATH IN THESE LAST DAYS SPOKEN UNTO US BY his SON, WHOM HE HATH APPOINTED HEIR OF ALL THINGS, BY WHOM ALSO HE MADE THE WORLDS."

 

II Peter 2:1  "BUT THERE ARE FALSE PROPHETS ALSO AMONG THE PEOPLE, EVEN AS THERE SHALL BE FALSE TEACHERS AMONG YOU, WHO PRIVILY SHALL BRING IN DAMNABLE HERESIES, EVEN DENYING THE LORD THAT BOUGHT THEM, AND BRING UPON THEMSELVES SWIFT DESTRUCTION."

 

John began his warnings concerning the anti-christs by addressing his readers again with the endearing term "little children", as in verse 1.  It was evident that the "last hour", or last time, or final hour was present because of anti-christs who had arisen.  The very fact that there were anti-christs proved that the time of Christ's ministry, death, resurrection and reign over His kingdom had taken place and that His reign was proceeding.

 

v19.  "THEY WENT OUT FROM US, BUT THEY WERE NOT OF US; FOR IF THEY HAD BEEN OF US, THEY WOULD no doubt HAVE CONTINUED WITH US: BUT they went out, THAT THEY MIGHT BE MADE MANIFEST THAT THEY WERE NOT ALL OF US."

 

Matthew 24:24  "FOR THERE SHALL ARISE FALSE CHRISTS, AND FALSE PROPHETS, AND SHALL SHEW GREAT SIGNS AND WONDERS; INSOMUCH THAT,  if it were POSSIBLE, THEY SHALL DECEIVE THE VERY ELECT."

 

Acts 20:30  "ALSO OF YOUR OWN SELVES SHALL MEN ARISE, SPEAKING PERVERSE THINGS, TO DRAW AWAY DISCIPLES AFTER THEM."

 

I Corinthians 11:19  "FOR THERE MUST BE ALSO HERESIES AMONG YOU, THAT THEY WHICH ARE APPROVED MAY BE MADE MANIFEST AMONG YOU."

 

John 6:37  "ALL THAT THE FATHER GIVETH ME SHALL COME TO ME; AND HIM THAT COMETH TO ME I WILL IN NO WISE CAST OUT."

 

            Alarmingly, these vicious enemies of Christ were once Christians, but they had ceased following the Lord.  Those in fellowship with God can abandon that fellowship (I John 1:1-4, John 6:66, Revelation 2:10, I Corinthians 9:27, I Corinthians 10:1-12, Acts 8:13, etc.)  Children of God can "renounce God in their hearts" as Job knew and acknowledged that his sons (also children of God) might have done; for this reason, Job offered sacrifices for them (Job 1:5).  Judas is an example.  Their opposition to the Truth made manifest their present attitude of heart, and their going out was a blessing.


 v20.  "BUT HE HAVE AN UNCTION {anointing} FROM THE HOLY ONE, AND YE KNOW ALL THINGS."

 

I John 2:27  "BUT THE ANOINTING WHICH YE HAVE RECEIVED OF HIM ABIDETH IN YOU, AND YE NEED NOT THAT ANY MAN TEACH YOU: BUT AS THE SAME ANOINTING TEACHETH YOU OF ALL THINGS, AND IS TRUTH, AND IS NO LIE, AND EVEN AS IT HATH TAUGHT YOU, YE SHALL ABIDE IN HIM."

 

John 10:4  "AND WHEN HE PUTTETH FORTH HIS OWN SHEEP, HE GOETH BEFORE THEM, AND THE SHEEP FOLLOW HIM: FOR THEY KNOW HIS VOICE."

 

II Corinthians 1:21  "NOW HE WHICH STABLISHETH US WITH YOU IN CHRIST, AND HATH ANOINTED US, is GOD;"

 

Hebrews 1:9  "THOU HAST LOVED RIGHTEOUSNESS, AND HATED INIQUITY; THEREFORE GOD, even THY GOD, HATH ANOINTED THEE WITH THE OIL OF GLADNESS ABOVE THY FELLOWS."

 

            The Christians to whom John wrote knew all Truth regarding the subject under discussion, the anti-christs and their heresy.  They had received and "unction" or "anointing".  It was bestowed by the Holy One, Jesus Christ.

            How would a non-miraculous indwelling teach the readers of John's epistle then, or now?  No such anointing exists today.  The anointing was to the apostles and to those on whom the apostles laid hands.  What they received through the Holy Spirit miraculously in the first century, we receive through the written Word, Divine revelation today (II Timothy 3:16-17; II Peter 1:3; Matthew 19:28)

 

v21.  "I HAVE NOT WRITTEN UNTO YOU BECAUSE YE KNOW NOT THE TRUTH, BUT BECAUSE YE KNOW IT AND THAT NO LIE IS OF THE TRUTH."

 

            John wrote to expose the false teachers and to confirm his readers, assuring them that no lie comes forth from the Truth--thus their ability to discriminate between genuine and false teachers and doctrine.

 

v22.  "WHO IS A LIAR BUT HE THAT DENIETH THAT JESUS IS THE CHRIST?  HE IS AN ANTICHRIST THAT DENIETH THE FATHER AND THE SON."

 

I John 4:3  "AND EVERY SPIRIT THAT CONFESSETH NOT THAT JESUS CHRIST IS COME IN THE FLESH IS NOT OF GOD: AND THIS IS THAT spirit OF ANTICHRIST, WHEREOF YE HAVE HEARD THAT IT SHOULD COME; AND EVEN NOW ALREADY IS IT IN THE WORLD."

 

 II John 7  "FOR MANY DECEIVERS ARE ENTERED INTO THE WORLD, WHO CONFESS NOT THAT JESUS CHRIST IS COME IN THE FLESH.  THIS IS A DECEIVER AND AN ANTICHRIST."

 

Since "no lie is of the truth," John moved to brand false teachers, heretics, as liars--in fact, "the liar".  To claim "fellowship with Him and walk in the darkness" is to lie (1:6), to claim to "know him and {keep} not his commandments" is to lie (2:4) and to deny Jesus as the Christ is to lie.

 

v23.  "WHOSOEVER DENIETH THE SON, THE SAME HATH NOT THE FATHER: (but) he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also."

 

I John 4:15  "WHOSOEVER SHALL CONFESS THAT JESUS IS THE SON OF GOD, GOD DWELLETH IN HIM, AND HE IN GOD."

 

John 14:7  "IF YE HAD KNOWN ME, YE SHOULD HAVE KNOWN MY FATHER ALSO: AND FROM HENCEFORTH YE KNOW HIM, AND HAVE SEEN HIM."

 

John 14:9-10  "JESUS SAITH UNTO HIM, HAVE I BEEN SO LONG TIME WITH YOU AND YET HAST THOU NOT KNOWN ME PHILIP? HE THAT HATH SEEN ME HATH SEEN THE FATHER; AND HOW SAYEST THOU then, SHEW US THE FATHER?  BELIEVEST THOU NOT THAT I AM IN THE FATHER, AND THE FATHER IN ME?  THE WORDS THAT I SPEAK UNTO YOU I SPEAK NOT OF MYSELF: BUT THE FATHER THAT DWELLETH IN ME, HE DOETH THE WORKS."

 

John 15:23  "HE THAT HATETH ME HATETH MY FATHER ALSO."

 

v24.  "LET THAT THEREFORE ABIDE IN YOU, WHICH YE HAVE HEARD FROM THE BEGINNING.  IF THAT WHICH YE HAVE HEARD FROM THE BEGINNING SHALL REMAIN IN YOU, YE ALSO SHALL CONTINUE IN THE SON, AND IN THE FATHER."

 

            That which they had heard from the beginning was to abide in them. This which they had thus heard they were to allow to abide in them, literally, to let it settle down and find, as it were, its permanent home in them.  The exhortation is, therefore, one to steadfastness, and admonition to hold fast to that which had been taught them.  If they did this then they would continue in the Son and the Father.

 

I John 1:3  "THAT WHICH WE HAVE SEEN AND HEARD DECLARE WE UNTO YOU, THAT YE ALSO MAY HAVE FELLOWSHIP WITH US: AND TRULY OUR FELLOWSHIP IS WITH THE FATHER, AND WITH HIS SON JESUS CHRIST."

 

John 14:23  "JESUS ANSWERED AND SAID UNTO HIM, IF A MAN LOVE ME, HE WILL KEEP MY WORDS: AND MY FATHER WILL LOVE HIM, AND WE WILL COME UNTO HIM, AND MAKE OUR ABODE WITH HIM."

 

II John 6 "AND THIS IS LOVE, THAT WE WALK AFTER HIS COMMANDMENTS.  THIS IS THE COMMANDMENT, THAT, AS YE HAVE HEARD FROM THE BEGINNING, YE SHOULD WALK IN IT."

 

v25.  "AND THIS IS THE PROMISE THAT HE HATH PROMISED US, even ETERNAL LIFE."

 

            If we allow the Word of God to settle down in us and become a permanent part of our lives then, eternal life with the Father will be our reward.

 

I John 1:2  "(FOR THE LIFE WAS MANIFESTED, AND WE HAVE SEEN it, AND BEAR WITNESS, AND SHEW UNTO YOU THAT ETERNAL LIFE, WHICH WAS WITH THE FATHER, AND WAS MANIFESTED UNTO US;)"

 

I John 5:11  "AND THIS IS THE RECORD, THAT GOD HATH GIVEN TO US ETERNAL LIFE, AND THIS LIFE IS IN HIS SON."

 

John 17:3  "AND THIS IS LIFE ETERNAL, THAT THEY MIGHT KNOW THEE THE ONLY TRUE GOD, AND JESUS CHRIST, WHOM THOU HAST SENT."

 

v26.  "THESE things HAVE I WRITTEN UNTO YOU CONCERNING THEM THAT SEDUCE YOU {would lead you astray}."

 

            If the occasion had not already arisen that they had been seduced by these false teachers then John would have had no purpose in writing.  The danger exists as much today as it did then.


 v27.  "BUT THE ANOINTING WHICH YE HAVE RECEIVED OF HIM ABIDETH IN YOU, AND YE NEED NOT THAT ANY MAN TEACH YOU: BUT AS THE SAME ANOINTING TEACHETH YOU OF ALL THINGS, AND IS TRUTH, AND IS NO LIE, AND EVEN AS IT HATH TAUGHT YOU, YE SHALL ABIDE IN HIM."

 

            The meaning of this verse is the same as verse 24 except it is set forth as a fact rather than stated as a command.  Two things essential to the proper understanding of this must be noted:  (1) When the apostle said, "Ye need not that any one teach you."  he is to be understood as having reference to the matters of the context, and including the things but recently under consideration, viz, the ability to discern between false and true teaching.  (2)  The ones who had no need of teaching were those who had been anointed, i.e., had received a  measure of the Spirit, thus enabling them to exercise discernment essential in such instances.

            This gift of discernment respecting the false doctrines then being propagated remained with those selected to exercise such at the time John wrote; the ability to judge of the claims of the teachers of such doctrines was not a passing thing, being necessary until the complete will of God was revealed and recorded for our study and use.

            We should also remember that the direction of the Spirit in miraculous fashion was never designed to replace the written word; it was, on the contrary, merely a temporary device, to supply the early church with the means of discerning false teaching until such time as the record was completed.

 

John 14:26  "BUT THE COMFORTER, which is  THE HOLY GHOST, WHOM THE FATHER WILL SEND IN MY NAME, HE SHALL TEACH YOU ALL THINGS, AND BRING ALL THINGS TO YOUR REMEMBRANCE, WHATSOEVER I HAVE SAID UNTO YOU."

 

John 16:13  "HOWBEIT WHEN HE, THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH, IS COME, HE WILL GUIDE YOU INTO ALL TRUTH: FOR HE SHALL NOT SPEAK OF HIMSELF; BUT WHATSOEVER HE SHALL HEAR, that  SHALL HE SPEAK: AND HE WILL SHEW YOU THINGS TO COME."

 

Hebrews 8:10-11  "FOR THIS IS THE COVENANT THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AFTER THOSE DAYS, SAITH THE LORD; I WILL PUT MY LAWS INTO THEIR MIND, AND WRITE THEM IN THEIR HEARTS: AND I WILL BE TO THEM A GOD, AND THEY SHALL BE TO ME A PEOPLE:  AND THEY SHALL NOT TEACH EVERY MAN HIS NEIGHBOUR, AND EVERY MAN HIS BROTHER, SAYING KNOW THE LORD: FOR ALL SHALL KNOW ME FROM THE LEAST TO THE GREATEST."


 v28.  "AND NOW, LITTLE CHILDREN, ABIDE IN HIM; THAT, WHEN HE SHALL APPEAR, WE MAY HAVE CONFIDENCE, AND NOT BE ASHAMED BEFORE HIM AT HIS COMING."

 

I John 3:2  "BELOVED, NOW ARE WE THE SONS OF GOD, AND IT DOTH NOT YET APPEAR WHAT WE SHALL BE: BUT WE KNOW THAT, WHEN HE SHALL APPEAR, WE SHALL BE LIKE HIM; FOR WE SHALL SEE HIM AS HE IS."

 

I John 4:17  "HEREIN IS OUR LOVE MADE PERFECT, THAT WE MAY HAVE BOLDNESS IN THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT: BECAUSE AS HE IS, SO ARE WE IN THIS WORLD."

 

            They, and we, were/are to abide in him so that when he is made manifest (comes again) we may approach him with "confidence" (boldness ASV) because we know that we are his.

 

v29.  "IF YE KNOW THAT HE IS RIGHTEOUS, YE KNOW THAT EVERY ONE THAT DOETH RIGHTEOUSNESS IS BORN OF HIM."

 

I John 3:7  "LITTLE CHILDREN, LET NO MAN DECEIVE YOU: HE THAT DOETH RIGHTEOUSNESS IS RIGHTEOUS, EVEN AS HE IS RIGHTEOUS."

 

I John 3:10  "IN THIS THE CHILDREN OF GOD ARE MANIFEST, AND THE CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL: WHOSOEVER DOETH NOT RIGHTEOUSNESS IS NOT OF GOD, NEITHER HE THAT LOVETH NOT HIS BROTHER."

 

Acts 22:14  "AND HE SAID, THE GOD OF OUR FATHERS HATH CHOSEN THEE, THAT THOU SHOULDEST KNOW HIS WILL, AND SEE THAT JUST ONE, AND SHOULDEST HEAR THE VOICE OF HIS MOUTH."

 

            Righteousness is right-doing, moral correctness in all of the relationships of man, and obedience to the commandments of God.  It is not that which one does to become a child of God but rather that which one does because he is a child of God.  The logical order of the premises leading up the to conclusion of the apostle shows that it was his design to exhibit the fact that "doing righteousness" is evidence that one is a child of God, and is not offered as a condition on which one becomes a child of God.