Amos Chapter Four
Read Amos 4:1-5 Gods Reproof of Israel
v.1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
Amos continues to describe the
spiritual failures of
Psalms 22:12-13 MANY BULLS HAVE COMPASSED ME: STRONG bulls OF BASHAN HAVE BESET ME ROUND. THEY GAPED UPON ME with THEIR MOUTHS, as A RAVENING AND A ROARING LION.
Amos compares the wealthy and rulers of Israel to these wild cattle, taking, oppressing and abusing the poor and needy around them, pushing them even further in to their poverty and want.
v.2 The Lord GOD hath sworn by his holiness, that, lo, the days shall come upon you, that he will take you away with hooks, and your posterity with fishhooks.
When God swore an oath, he could swear by no greater than himself just as we are told:
Hebrews For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself,
So God swears BY HIS HOLINESS that a day of reckoning will come. They would be led into captivity at the end of a hook. Did you ever catch a fishhook in a finger or hand? If you have never had the experience it is pretty painful and with its barbs difficult to remove. As a form of cruelty, especially if they were trying to be difficult, captors would imbed hooks or fishhooks in the bodies of their captives and lead them away by that means. Needless to say it discouraged resistance.
v.3 And ye shall go out at the breaches, every cow at that which is before her; and ye shall cast them into the palace, saith the LORD.
They shall try to flee through the BREACHES or holes in the walls of their cities like stampeding cattle, running through whatever hole may be nearest. They will throw their most prized possessions into their palaces but it will do them no good. All they will accomplish is to gather these things, even their children into a place where their enemies can readily find them.
v.4 Come to
Now the prophet puts
into his words some sarcasm and irony.
What was the significance of
I Kings 12:28-29 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two
calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for
you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out
of the land of Egypt. 29And he set the one in
Gilgal was another location in the
Numbers 28:3-4 And thou shalt say unto them, This is the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD; two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, for a continual burnt offering. 4The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at even;
Deuteronomy 14:28 At the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay it up within thy gates:
v.5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim and publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
This verse is a continuation of the same thought. Make the sacrifices to your idol gods that were commanded by God to be made to Him.
Leviticus Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings.
Deuteronomy 12:6 And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks:
Plead with and beseech your idols, God has abandoned you just as the Psalmist describes:
Psalms 81:12 SO I GAVE THEM UP UNTO THEIR OWN HEARTS LUST: and THEY WALKED IN THEIR OWN COUNSELS.
Read Amos 4:6-13 Gods Chastisements for
v.6 And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
What is one way to have very clean
teeth? To not have
anything to eat. God has caused
the Israelites to suffer from want, to not have enough to eat but that has not
turned them back to him. As Jeremiah
Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
v.7-8 And also I have withholden the rain from you,
when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one
city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon,
and the piece whereupon it rained not withered. 8So two or three cities
God has withheld life
giving rain from
I Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of
And it did not rain
v.9 I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured them: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Deuteronomy 28:15 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee:
Blasting and mildew
were two of those curses. What is
blasting? Sometimes we had that problem
in our gardens. One of the definitions
you will find in a current dictionary is any pernicious or destructive
influence, esp. on animals or plants; a blight; the sudden death of buds,
flowers, or young fruit. Of course
anyone who lives in the humidity of
What the blasting and mildew doesnt destroy will be destroyed by the palmerworm. We studied this creature in our study of Joel, who remembers what it is? The definition that we studied is that A palmerworm is a defined as a hairy caterpillar that sometimes arises in great numbers and devours the foliage of trees and orchards.
v.10 I have sent among you the pestilence after the manner of Egypt: your young men have I slain with the sword, and have taken away your horses; and I have made the stink of your camps to come up unto your nostrils: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
During the time of the
ten plagues against Egypt God had warned Pharaoh that if he did not let
For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth. Exodus
We are not told what pestilence that
God brought upon
God had caused
II Kings 13:3 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael, all their days. v.7 7Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.
v.11 I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Deuteronomy 29:23-25 And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath: 24Even all nations shall say, Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this land? what meaneth the heat of this great anger? 25Then men shall say, Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD God of their fathers, which he made with them when he brought them forth out of the land of Egypt:
God had caused their cities to be burned just has he had burned
v.12 Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel: and because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel.
Jeremiah 5:22-24 Fear ye not me? saith the LORD: will ye not tremble at my presence, which have placed the sand for the bound of the sea by a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it: and though the waves thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail; though they roar, yet can they not pass over it? 23But this people hath a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are revolted and gone. 24Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.
They will not fear the God that has set the bounds of the sea, the God that gives or withholds the rain from heaven, the God that has appointed the times and seasons, provided the harvest for the benefit of mankind. But he will judge them.
v.13 For, lo, he that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought, that maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, The LORD, The God of hosts, is his name.
Job 38:4-7 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding. 5Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? 6Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; 7When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
This is the same God that will rain judgment and destruction, not only