Genesis Chapter Ten
Read Genesis 10:1-5 – The Generations of Japheth
v.1 “Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.”
The sons of Noah had no children until after the flood, possibly a provision by the providence of God. Without families during the destruction of the earth they would not be tempted to follow after the rest of mankind, nor would Noah and his sons be distracted from their principle purpose by the demands of children and extended families. Some may wonder why we should study the genealogy of Noah and while we don’t know God’s purpose in providing this genealogy; God does not provide his word without a purpose we will not omit these verses from our study.
v.2 “The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras”
As we remember from the
prior chapter, the descendants of Japheth are those of the European and
Indo-European regions. Gomer is equated with the Roman
After reviewing what is
readily available without making an exhausting study it appears that not much
is really known about Magog and his descendants. However, there are enough legends available that
most European and Indo-European people from as far east as
Both Hebrew and
Assyrian sources name Madai as the father of the
Medes who later joined with the Persians and held the remnant of
In Hebrew and classical Indian Sanskrit, among other sources, Javan is named as the ancestor of the Greek speaking peoples.
Jubal is given by Josephus and others and the father of the Italian and Spanish peoples along with some other minor groups in eastern Europe.
is identified with various eastern European peoples including some modern
Russians, the people of
Not much is known about
Tiras and his descendants but based primarily upon
some of the gods worshipped and other cultural similarities many show him as
ancestor of the Germanic and Scandinavian people with their origins in
v.3 “And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.”
is said to be the founder of the Armenian peoples whose country is also said to
is thought to be the father of peoples who lived in
is claimed by the Armenians, Georgians and various other tribes of eastern
Europe around the
v.4 “And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.”
is thought to be the ancestor of various Germanic tribes and some identify him
with the people of
No genealogy is given
of Tarshish but with the similarity of names many
think that these were the people of southern
is thought to be the ancestor of the western sea peoples of the Mediterrean,
is usually associated with the people of the
v.5 “5By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.”
The lands of the Gentile nations were spoken of as isles, or islands, in many of the ancient writings whether they were physically islands or not. A psalm of Solomon, or that is about Solomon reads:
“THE KINGS OF TARSHISH AND OF THE ISLES SHALL BRING PRESENTS: THE KINGS
Read Genesis 10:6-20 – The Generations of Ham
v.6 “And the sons of
Mizraim is the ancestor of the Egyptian and several other smaller tribes, including the Philistines
Phut was the father of the Libyan and other north African peoples.
Canaan was the father of all peoples that inhabited the shore of the east end of the Mediterrean from Sidon in Phoenicia to Gaza, including Sodom and Gomorrah with the exception of the Philistines who moved in somewhat later, before, or about the time that Israel occupied that area.
v.7-8 “7And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and
Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah;
Those that we might note in this list are Havilah, the name of the land where the Garden of Eden was located (Genesis ). The last son of Cush listed is Nimrod he was characterized as mighty in the earth and it thought to have been the first man who ruled as a king over his people and perhaps others as well.
v.9-10 “He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as
Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.
10And the beginning of his kingdom was
Nimrod is given credit
for being a mighty hunter, the king of
v.11-12 “Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, 12And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.”
In this section of Ham’s generations we’re
told about Asshur, the father of the Assyrians, but Asshur is a son of Shem, not Nimrod. His descendents built the great city of
v.13-14 “And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, 14And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.”
There are two men named
Ludim, the other a descendant of Shem, this man is
the father of the inhabitants of
v.15-18 “And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, 16And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite, 17And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 18And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.”
Here we have the origin
of the tribes of
The descendants of
was the father of the Hittite people who lived in
The descendants of Jebusi occupied the area given to the tribe of Benjamin.
The Amorites occupied
the land from east of
The Girgashites are mentioned in with the other in five places, nothing else is known about them.
The Hivites were the
people who fooled Joshua and formed a treaty with
were located north of
The Sinites lived in the same general area as the Arkites.
Zemarites, and Hamathites
were also all Phoenician groups that lived north of
v.19-20 “And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha. These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.”
Again, before we leave
the generations of Ham, we want to emphasize that the curse that God pronounced
on Ham was not on Ham directly or even the darker skinned descendants of Ham
but rather the descendants of
Joshua 12:7-8 “And these are the kings of the country which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions; 8In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:”
Read Genesis -32 – The Generations of Shem
v.21-22 “Unto Shem also, the father of all the children
of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born. 22The children of Shem;
Shem is called the “FATHER OF ALL THE CHILDREN OF EBER,” Eber was a great-grandson, so what is the significance of this name? Eber or Heber is the father of all Hebrew peoples. The people through whom God chose to fulfill the seed promise. We have five sons of Shem listed.
As noted above with
verses 11 and 12, Asshur was the father of the
Assyrian people, the builder of
As we will see in chapter 11, Arphaxad was the ancestor of Abraham and of the Israelite nation. This is the line through which the Savior of the world was to be brought into the world.
Not much is known about
Lud or his descendants. Scholars are divided between his offspring
being further east from
Nothing was found
v.23-24 “And the children of
Again we have a
reference to Eber, the father of the Hebrew
peoples. One of the things that I found
to be rather intriguing in this study is that two of the modern world’s
religions find their origin in the same place and with the same man. Both the Old Covenant of God given to
v.25 “And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan.”
The name Peleg means division and it was during the days of Eber at about the time of the birth of this son that the nations of the world were divided by language. Joktan means small and this is literally all that we know about him.
v.26-30 “And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, 27And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, 28And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, 29And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan. 30And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.”
The descendants of Joktan lived in the southwestern portion of that
v.31-32 “These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations. 32These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.”
Thus we have the generations of Noah and his sons, their locations, for those that we know, their descendants and the roles that they played in the regeneration of mankind after the flood.