Job Chapter Five
Read Job 5:1-5
v1. “CALL NOW, IF THERE BE ANY THAT WILL ANSWER THEE; AND TO WHICH OF THE SAINTS WILT THOU TURN?”
As we studied the past lesson, Eliphaz is convinced and is trying to convince Job that he wasn’t the perfect, upright and righteous man that God thought he was. He spent most of what men have divided into the fourth chapter putting forth his arguments. It’s almost as though he’s trying to get Job to “come on now tell us what you’ve done.” It’s like any gossip, he just knows there’s dirt there and he’s digging for all he’s worth to find it.
Eliphaz is really charging Job here to call in an arbitrator for their debate. He’s, in effect, saying; call in one of the saints, see if any suffered as you suffer. See if we can produce one instance or example of one of those really dedicated to God who has been afflicted as you have. God has never dealt with those who are faithful to Him as he has dealt with you.
v2. “FOR WRATH KILLETH THE FOOLISH MAN, AND ENVY SLAYETH THE SILLY ONE.”
Job has spoken in anger regarding his condition. Cursing the day he was born. Now Eliphaz corrects him for this emotion and his words. The wrath or anger of a man can kill him; therefore he is foolish for indulging in it. If that kind of anger is in his bones, in his blood, enough to put him into such a fever as Job had displayed, this kind of envy will slay the man who indulges in it.
Proverbs “A FOOL'S WRATH IS PRESENTLY KNOWN: BUT A PRUDENT man COVERETH SHAME.”
Proverbs 27:3 “A STONE is HEAVY, AND THE SAND WEIGHTY; BUT A FOOL'S WRATH is HEAVIER THAN THEM BOTH.”
v3. “I HAVE SEEN THE FOOLISH TAKING ROOT: BUT SUDDENLY I CURSED HIS HABITATION.”
The foolish, the oppressor, those who are wicked will take root but their sin finds them out and suddenly they are cursing their habitation. This is a parallel to Job cursing the day he was born after having lost all the power and possessions he had before.
Psalms 37:35-36 “I HAVE SEEN THE WICKED IN GREAT POWER, AND SPREADING HIMSELF LIKE A GREEN BAY TREE. YET HE PASSED AWAY, AND, LO, HE was NOT: YEA, I SOUGHT HIM, BUT HE COULD NOT BE FOUND.”
v4. “HIS CHILDREN ARE FAR FROM SAFETY, AND THEY ARE CRUSHED IN THE GATE, NEITHER is there ANY TO DELIVER them.”
Even the wicked man’s children are far from safety. Job; what happened to your family was brought on by your sin. Your troubles are all your fault.
v5. “WHOSE HARVEST THE HUNGRY EATETH UP, AND TAKETH IT EVEN OUT OF THE THORNS, AND THE ROBBER SWALLOWETH UP THEIR SUBSTANCE.”
His harvest is destroyed or eaten by the hungry, they even pick the fruit found among the thorns, and robbers take his wealth or substance. Job, your material wealth has been taken just like the unjust man, you must be guilty of some great sin that God has now sought to punish you for.
Read Job 5:6-16
v6. “ALTHOUGH AFFLICTION COMETH NOT FORTH OF THE DUST, NEITHER DOTH TROUBLE SPRING OUT OF THE GROUND;”
Affliction doesn’t come by chance, it doesn’t spring out of the dust, neither does trouble just rise out of the ground. Job, this affliction and trouble must then have been brought on by something that you did.
v7. “YET MAN IS BORN UNTO TROUBLE, AS THE SPARKS FLY UPWARD.”
Just as sure as sparks from an open fire fly upward, man is born unto trouble. Man will have troubles all of his life because he will sin. Job does later in this discourse make a statement that probably is very familiar to us.
Job 14:1 “MAN that is BORN OF A WOMAN is OF FEW DAYS, AND FULL OF TROUBLE.”
v8. “I WOULD SEEK UNTO GOD, AND UNTO GOD WOULD I COMMIT MY CAUSE:”
Eliphaz now is telling Job to seek God rather than quarreling with him. He’s, in effect, telling Job to repent, to seek God’s forgiveness for this great sin he must have committed.
v9. “WHICH DOETH GREAT THINGS AND UNSEARCHABLE; MARVELLOUS THINGS WITHOUT NUMBER:”
God who does great things; things that are unsearchable, marvelous and without number will comfort you. But we still have the problem that you, Job, must repent of your great sin and ask God for these blessings.
v10. “WHO GIVETH RAIN UPON THE EARTH, AND SENDETH WATERS UPON THE FIELDS:”
God is the one who give us rain upon the earth and sends water to our fields of crops. Again we remind you that this book is a book of poetry, thus thoughts and ideas are repeated, frequently using different examples.
God does give us great gifts by nature but these gifts were put there by his providence to the benefit of all mankind, not just those who are faithful to him, just as Luke records from Paul’s sermon at Lystra:
Acts 14:17 “NEVERTHELESS HE LEFT NOT HIMSELF WITHOUT WITNESS, IN THAT HE DID GOOD, AND GAVE US RAIN FROM HEAVEN, AND FRUITFUL SEASONS, FILLING OUR HEARTS WITH FOOD AND GLADNESS.”
v11. “TO SET UP ON HIGH THOSE THAT BE LOW; THAT THOSE WHICH MOURN MAY BE EXALTED TO SAFETY.”
God does great things for man. He enriches those that are poor, brings up those that are low and comforts those that mourn.
v12. “HE DISAPPOINTETH THE DEVICES OF THE CRAFTY,
SO THAT THEIR HANDS CANNOT PERFORM their
God disappoints those who would be rich through deceit, those who are crafty and prevents their efforts from bearing fruit. We have a parallel of these verses in the New Testament in their description of God’s capabilities:
Luke 1:51-53 “HE HATH SHOWED STRENGTH WITH HIS ARM; HE HATH SCATTERED THE PROUD IN THE IMAGINATION OF THEIR HEARTS. HE HATH PUT DOWN THE MIGHTY FROM their SEATS, AND EXALTED THEM OF LOW DEGREE. HE HATH FILLED THE HUNGRY WITH GOOD THINGS; AND THE RICH HE HATH SENT EMPTY AWAY.
v13. “HE TAKETH THE WISE IN THEIR OWN CRAFTINESS: AND THE COUNSEL OF THE FROWARD IS CARRIED HEADLONG.”
Our God who rules over and manages all men who think of themselves as being free and in control, causes the counsel of the froward, those that are contrary to God and the interests of his kingdom, those who think of themselves of being very crafty, who think themselves wise; to fail and in the end their lot will be as fools.
I Corinthians “FOR THE WISDOM OF THIS WORLD IS FOOLISHNESS WITH GOD. FOR IT IS WRITTEN, HE TAKETH THE WISE IN THEIR OWN CRAFTINESS.”
v14. “THEY MEET WITH DARKNESS IN THE DAYTIME, AND GROPE IN THE NOONDAY AS IN THE NIGHT.”
They run themselves into darkness by the violence and those deeds that come from their own thoughts or counsel. They like blind men living in darkness in the daytime and groping at high noon as though it was night.
v15. “BUT HE SAVETH THE POOR FROM THE SWORD, FROM THEIR MOUTH, AND FROM THE HAND OF THE MIGHTY.”
The craftiness of these men are set to ruin the poor, their tongues, their hands and their swords are turned to evil toward their fellow man and work to bring about their destruction. But God takes those that are poor under his special protection and unable to help themselves, because they’re his poor and devoted to his praise.
Psalms 35:10 “ALL MY BONES SHALL SAY, LORD, WHO is LIKE UNTO THEE, WHICH DELIVEREST THE POOR FROM HIM THAT IS TOO STRONG FOR HIM, YEA, THE POOR AND THE NEEDY FROM HIM THAT SPOILETH HIM?”
Eliphaz is still working at getting Job to understand that God does not punish the good, the righteous but only the wicked. In order of Job to remedy the affliction that he is suffering he must repent of whatever great sin it was that he has committed.
v16. “SO THE POOR HATH HOPE, AND INIQUITY STOPPETH HER MOUTH.”
The effect of God’s work is that the weak saints are comforted, the poor have hope and the iniquity be waged against them is stopped.
Read Job 5:17-27
v17. “BEHOLD, HAPPY is THE MAN WHOM GOD CORRECTETH: THEREFORE DESPISE NOT THOU THE CHASTENING OF THE ALMIGHTY:”
God chastens those that he loves, blessed is the man that God will chasten or correct.
Psalms 94:12 “BLESSED is THE MAN WHOM THOU CHASTENEST, O LORD, AND TEACHEST HIM OUT OF THY LAW;”
David told his son Solomon as he prepared him to become king:
Proverbs 3:11-12 “MY SON, DESPISE NOT THE CHASTENING OF THE LORD; NEITHER BE WEARY OF HIS CORRECTION. FOR WHOM THE LORD LOVETH HE CORRECTETH; EVEN AS A FATHER THE SON in whom HE DELIGHETH”
v18. “FOR HE MAKETH SORE, AND BINDETH UP: HE WOUNDETH, AND HIS HANDS MAKE WHOLE.”
Though God makes us sore (Job’s boils) he will heal, he will bind us up and make us whole again. We find Hannah in her prayer for a son praising God with these words:
I Samuel 2:6-9 “THE LORD KILLETH, AND MAKETH ALIVE: HE BRINGETH DOWN TO THE GRAVE, AND BRINGETH UP. THE LORD MAKETH POOR, AND MAKETH RICH: HE BRINGETH LOW, AND LIFTETH UP. HE RAISETH UP THE POOR OUT OF THE DUST, and LIFTETH UP THE BEGGAR FROM THE DUNGHILL, TO SET them AMONG PRINCES, AND TO MAKE THEM INHERIT THE THRONE OF GLORY: FOR THE PILLARS OF THE EARTH are THE LORD'S, AND HE HATH SET THE WORLD UPON THEM. HE WILL KEEP THE FEET OF HIS SAINTS, AND THE WICKED SHALL BE SILENT IN DARKNESS; FOR BY STRENGTH SHALL NO MAN PREVAIL.”
v19. “HE SHALL DELIVER THEE IN SIX TROUBLES: YEA, IN SEVEN THERE SHALL NO EVIL TOUCH THEE.”
As long as we are here in this world we can expect a succession of troubles and trials. Clouds will return after the rains. After six troubles there may very well come a seventh.
v20. “IN FAMINE HE SHALL REDEEM THEE FROM DEATH: AND IN WAR FROM THE POWER OF THE SWORD.”
God will protect the righteous from death due to famine and destruction as a result of war.
Psalms 33:18-19 “BEHOLD, THE EYE OF THE LORD is UPON THEM THAT FEAR HIM, UPON THEM THAT HOPE IN HIS MERCY; TO DELIVER THEIR SOUL FROM DEATH, AND TO KEEP THEM ALIVE IN FAMINE.”
v21. “THOU SHALT BE HID FROM THE SCOURGE OF THE TONGUE: NEITHER SHALT THOU BE AFRAID OF DESTRUCTION WHEN IT COMETH.”
Eliphaz continues to enumerate the blessings that Job would enjoy again when he repents of his great sin.
Psalms 31:19-20 “oh HOW GREAT is THY GOODNESS, WHICH THOU HAST LAID UP FOR THEM THAT FEAR THEE; which THOU HAST WROUGHT FOR THEM THAT TRUST IN THEE BEFORE THE SONS OF MEN! THOU SHALT HIDE THEM IN THE SECRET OF THY PRESENCE FROM THE PRIDE OF MAN: THOU SHALT KEEP THEM SECRETLY IN A PAVILION FROM THE STRIFE OF TONGUES.”
v22. “AT DESTRUCTION AND FAMINE THOU SHALT LAUGH: NEITHER SHALT THOU BE AFRAID OF THE BEASTS OF THE EARTH.”
You shall be as one that laughs at destruction and famine, you won’t even have to be afraid of the beasts of the earth. If Job would repent of this great sin he would be as God’s chosen:
Hosea 2:18 “AND IN THAT DAY WILL I MAKE A COVENANT FOR THEM WITH THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD, AND WITH THE FOWLS OF HEAVEN, AND with THE CREEPING THINGS OF THE GROUND: AND I WILL BREAK THE BOW AND THE SWORD AND THE BATTLE OUT OF THE EARTH, AND WILL MAKE THEM TO LIE DOWN SAFELY.”
v23. “FOR THOU SHALT BE IN LEAGUE WITH THE STONES OF THE FIELD: AND THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD SHALL BE AT PEACE WITH THEE.”
Repent and be at peace with God, then there will be a covenant of friendship with all of God’s creation; all of God’s beings will be at peace with us and ready to serve us. Isaiah in prophetic language pictures the same kind of peace when we are obedient children of God.
Isaiah 65:25 “THE WOLF AND THE LAMB
SHALL FEED TOGETHER, AND THE LION SHALL EAT STRAW LIKE THE BULLOCK: AND DUST shall
be THE SERPENT'S MEAT. THEY SHALL NOT HURT NOR DESTROY IN ALL MY
v24. “AND THOU SHALT KNOW THAT THY TABERNACLE shall be IN PEACE; AND THOU SHALT VISIT THY HABITATION, AND SHALT NOT SIN.”
Job if you would repent of your great sin, your entire house would be at peace with God. There is peace in the house that dwells with God and with those who are at home with him. God will provide a quiet and comfortable place for his people to live, and God through his providence will strengthen you not to sin.
v25. “THOU SHALT KNOW ALSO THAT THY SEED shall be GREAT, AND THINE OFFSPRING AS THE GRASS OF THE EARTH.”
You will be blessed with seed or children that will be great and there will be many of them.
Psalms 112:1-2 “PRAISE YE THE LORD. BLESSED is THE MAN that FEARETH THE LORD, that DELIGHTETH GREATLY IN HIS COMMANDMENTS. HIS SEED SHALL BE MIGHTY UPON EARTH: THE GENERATION OF THE UPRIGHT SHALL BE BLESSED.”
v26. “THOU SHALT COME TO thy GRAVE IN A FULL AGE, LIKE AS A SHOCK OF CORN COMETH IN IN HIS SEASON.”
One of your benefits will be to live to a ripe old age, you will be preserved against the ravages of nature like a shock of grain properly built will stand the weather until the final harvest is due.
v27. “LO THIS, WE HAVE SEARCHED IT, SO IT is; HEAR IT, AND KNOW THOU it FOR THY GOOD.”
Eliphaz’s final thought is a recommendation to hear and heed what he has said. He’s searched the traditions of his fathers, what ever sources of God’s direction to mankind that he might have had and knows these things are true and Job should hear and know this for his own good.