Job Chapter Forty-Two
Read Job 42:1-6
v1-2. “THEN JOB ANSWERED THE LORD, AND SAID, I KNOW THAT THOU CANST DO EVERY thing, AND that NO THOUGHT CAN BE WITHHOLDEN FROM THEE.”
Ecclesiastes 7:8 “BETTER is THE END OF A THING THAN THE BEGINNING THEREOF: and THE PATIENT IN SPIRIT is BETTER THAN THE PROUD IN SPIRIT.”
Job has reached the point of being able to judge and condemn himself. Though his patience had not done its perfect work, his repentance for his impatience had. He is now thoroughly humbled for his folly and his words, and it was forgiven them. Good men will usually see their own faults in time, though there may be some difficulty in getting them to that point. Job now acknowledges the truth of God’s unlimited power, knowledge and dominion.
v3. “WHO is HE THAT HIDETH COUNSEL WITHOUT KNOWLEDGE? THEREFORE HAVE I UTTERED THAT I UNDERSTOOD NOT; THINGS TOO WONDERFUL FOR ME, WHICH I KNEW NOT.”
He now owns himself to be guilty of that which God had charged him with in the beginning of his discourse. There needed to be no more; that word convinced him. Job owns up to being the man that’s been foolish. He admits that he is ignorant of divine counsels and so are we all, except for what God has chosen to reveal. He admits that he was imprudent and presumptuous in undertaking to discourse of that which he did not understand and to arraign that which he could not judge.
v4. “HEAR, I BESEECH THEE, AND I WILL SPEAK: I WILL DEMAND OF THEE, AND DECLARE THOU UNTO ME.”
He is now before the Judge. He will not answer, he will not speak but as a humble petitioner, not as one that will undertake to teach and prescribe, but as one that desires to learn and is willing to be prescribed to.
v5. “I HAVE HEARD OF THEE BY THE HEARING OF THE EAR: BUT NOW MINE EYE SEETH THEE.”
Job says that he had heard of God many a time from many teachers, when I was young, from my friends now of late. I have known something of thy greatness, and power and sovereign dominion; and yet was not brought, by what I heard, to submit myself to thee as I ought.
v6. “WHEREFORE I ABHOR myself, AND REPENT IN DUST AND ASHES.”
Job now expresses his sorrow for his sins. He is a good man and good men, even those who have no great sin to repent of, must be greatly afflicted in soul for the workings and breaking out of pride, passion, peevishness, and discontent, and all their hasty ill-advised words. It is for these we must be pricked in our hearts in order to properly see ourselves as we are and repent of that wrongdoing before God.
Read Job 42:7-9
v7. “AND IT WAS so, THAT AFTER THE LORD HAD SPOKEN THESE WORDS UNTO JOB, THE LORD SAID TO ELIPHAZ THE TEMANITE, MY WRATH IS KINDLED AGAINST THEE, AND AGAINST THY TWO FRIENDS: FOR YE HAVE NOT SPOKEN OF ME the thing that is RIGHT, AS MY SERVANT JOB hath.”
Job, in his discourses, had complained very much of the censures of his friends and their hard usage of him, and had appealed to God as Judge between him and them. Now God gives judgment against Job’s three friends. After God passed judgment on Job he then turned to him in compassion and defended him. Now that Job had humbled himself God exalted him. Those who truly repent before Him will find that His mercy will be as sweet as his wrath is harsh.
v8. “THEREFORE TAKE UNTO YOU NOW SEVEN BULLOCKS AND SEVEN RAMS, AND GO TO MY SERVANT JOB, AND OFFER UP FOR YOURSELVES A BURNT OFFERING; AND MY SERVANT JOB SHALL PRAY FOR YOU: FOR HIM WILL I ACCEPT: LEST I DEAL WITH YOU after your FOLLY, IN THAT YE HAVE NOT SPOKEN OF ME the thing which is RIGHT, LIKE MY SERVANT Job."
God now instructs Job’s friends to make sacrifice for their sins. Job, now that he has repented and is in God’s favor again is to offer the prayer for their forgiveness. Job is also to act as their priest, and God promised to accept him and his petition for his friends.
v9. “SO ELIPHAZ THE TEMANITE AND BILDAD THE SHUHITE and ZOPHAR THE NAAMATHITE WENT, AND DID ACCORDING AS THE LORD COMMANDED THEM: THE LORD ALSO ACCEPTED JOB.”
Job’s friends obeyed the judgment that God gave them. They were good men, as soon as they understood what the mind of the Lord was, they did as he commanded them, and that quickly and without any gainsaying. Though it was probably not their wishes for them to honor him thus; whom they had condemned. Peace with God is to be had only in his own way and upon his terms, and they will never seem hard to those who know how to value the privilege, but they will be glad of it upon any terms, though ever so humbling.
Read Job 42:10-17
v10. “AND THE LORD TURNED THE CAPTIVITY OF JOB, WHEN HE PRAYED FOR HIS FRIENDS: ALSO THE LORD GAVE JOB TWICE AS MUCH AS HE HAD BEFORE.”
James “BEHOLD, WE COUNT THEM HAPPY WHICH ENDURE. YE HAVE HEARD OF THE PATIENCE OF JOB, AND HAVE SEEN THE END OF THE LORD; THAT THE LORD IS VERY PITIFUL, AND OF TENDER MERCY.”
In the beginning of this book we had Job’s patience under his troubles, for an example; here, in the close, we have the happy ending of his troubles and the prosperous condition to which he was restored after them as our encouragement to follow that example. In addition it confirms to us that those who endure for the Lord’s sake will be appropriately rewarded. One commentator suggests that the great riches with which Job was rewarded is a type and shadow to us Christians of the glory and happiness of heaven.
v11. “THEN CAME THERE UNTO HIM ALL HIS BRETHREN, AND ALL HIS SISTERS, AND ALL THEY THAT HAD BEEN OF HIS ACQUAINTANCE BEFORE, AND DID EAT BREAD WITH HIM IN HIS HOUSE: AND THEY BEMOANED HIM, AND COMFORTED HIM OVER ALL THE EVIL THAT THE LORD HAD BROUGHT UPON HIM: EVERY MAN ALSO GAVE HIM A PIECE OF MONEY, AND EVERY ONE AN EARRING OF GOLD.”
acquaintances, neighbors and relatives, are now very kind to him. They had separated themselves from him, and
this was not the least of his grievances during the time he was afflicted but
he bitterly complained of their unkindness in . Not they return to honor him, coming to dine
with him on a formal basis. They now
sympathize with him, showed a tender concern for him, such as becomes brethren.
Perhaps they realized now that God was indeed with him, perhaps they
were willing to fellowship with him now that his troubles had gone away. Perhaps, they were just like all other fair
weather friends, nearby and comforting when prosperity abounds but gone away
and no time to spare when trouble arises.
v12. “SO THE LORD BLESSED THE LATTER END OF JOB MORE THAN HIS BEGINNING: FOR HE HAD FOURTEEN THOUSAND SHEEP, AND SIX THOUSAND CAMELS, AND A THOUSAND YOKE OF OXEN, AND A THOUSAND SHE ASSES.”
Job, in his affliction, had wished to be as in months past, as rich as he had been before, and quite despaired of that; but God is often better to us than even our own wishes. Job’s possessions were not only restored but doubled to what it was. Before he was the greatest of all men in the East, now because of his endurance and faithfulness to God he is greater than ever.
v13-15. “HE HAD ALSO SEVEN SONS AND THREE DAUGHTERS. AND HE CALLED THE NAME OF THE FIRST, JEMIMA; AND THE NAME OF THE SECOND, KEZIA; AND THE NAME OF THE THIRD, KERENHAPPUCH. AND IN ALL THE LAND WERE NO WOMEN FOUND so FAIR AS THE DAUGHTERS OF JOB: AND THEIR FATHER GAVE THEM INHERITANCE AMONG THEIR BRETHREN.”
Job’s family was built up again and he had great comfort in his children. God didn’t double his children but gave him back the same number. But in effect they are doubled, but now he has two sets, one in paradise waiting judgment and the other on earth to bring him pleasure. Jemima means The Day, and perhaps represents the new day he’s enjoying after the darkness of affliction. Kezia means a spice of a very fragrant smell, and Keren-happuch means plenty restored or a horn of plenty.
v16-17. “AFTER THIS LIVED JOB AN HUNDRED AND FORTY YEARS, AND SAW HIS SONS, AND HIS SONS' SONS, even FOUR GENERATIONS. SO JOB DIED, being OLD AND FULL OF DAYS.”
Job’s life was long. We’re not told what age he was when his afflictions were brought upon him. Some would speculate that he was 70 and thus God doubled his years as well as his wealth. But we can understand what the scripture does tell us. He was old enough when his affliction began to have grown children who had houses of their own. He lived long enough to see his children’s children to the fourth generation, which if we could a set a generation as twenty years would be about 80 years, not too far from the seventy many people claim. He lived till he was satisfied, for he died full of days, satisfied with living in this world, and willing to leave it, not peevishly as in the days of his affliction, but piously. So he did in the end as Eliphaz had encouraged him:
Job 5:25-26 “THOU SHALT KNOW ALSO THAT THY SEED shall be GREAT, AND THINE OFFSPRING AS THE GRASS OF THE EARTH. THOU SHALT COME TO thy GRAVE IN A FULL AGE, LIKE AS A SHOCK OF CORN COMETH IN, IN HIS SEASON.”